Diagnosis is very important for the identification of any cancer cells and that is why doctors carry out HPV DNA testing for cervical cancer.
Actually, this test determines whether the individual has any of the types of HPV most likely to cause cervical cancer.
The doctor collects cells from the cervix that he/she uses for lab testing.
This lab testing is very accurate and precise as it can detect high-risk HPV strains in cell DNA before any anomalies become clear in the cervical cells.
Moreover, if there are signs and symptoms of cervical cancer, or if the Pap test reveals abnormal cells, a doctor may recommend further testing.
Some of the tests that can be carried out may include:
- Colposcopy: Your doctor may recommend the use of colposcopy, which is a visual examination of the vagina using a speculum and a colposcope, a lighted magnifying instrument.
- Examination under anesthesia (EUA): The doctor can examine the vagina and cervix more thoroughly.
- Biopsy: The doctor takes a small section of tissue under general anesthesia.
- Cone biopsy: The doctor takes a small, cone-shaped section of abnormal tissue from the cervix for examination.
- LLETZ: Diathermy using a wire loop with an electric current helps remove abnormal tissue. The healthcare professional then sends the tissue to the lab for checking.
- Blood tests: A blood cell count can help identify liver or kidney problems.
- CT scan: A medical professional might use a barium liquid to show up any cellular abnormalities.
- MRI: Special types of MRI may be able to identify cervical cancer in its early stages.
- Pelvic ultrasound: High-frequency sound waves create an image of the target area on a monitor.
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It is very important to go for HPV DNA testing as it helps in the early identification of cervical cancer in an early stage, which increases the chances of your treatment from cervical cancer in case you are a victim.
Note that there may be further testing in case some signs are identified. This helps identifies the tumor size and how it can be treated effectively.