Since the outbreak of coronavirus, there are several countries affected by coronavirus globally.
Actually, coronaviruses are a family of viruses that range from the common cold to MERS coronavirus, which is Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus and SARs, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus.
The disease is very fatal and worse than the normal influenza. The disease can spread from one person to another as cited in most studies.
Germany and Japan have confirmed domestic transmission of the virus from a person who had recently visited Wuhan to someone who had not visited the city or China in general.
More so, there is now extensive human to human transmission across the world.
Signs and symptoms of coronavirus
Common signs of infection include respiratory symptoms, fever, cough, shortness of breath and breathing difficulties.
In more severe cases, infection can cause pneumonia, severe acute respiratory syndrome, kidney failure, and even death.
Best tips to prevent coronavirus
Step 1: Know How it Spreads
The best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus and the virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person, leading more countries affected by coronavirus.
Especially, between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet).
Also, through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
Step 2: Protect yourself by:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water especially after you have been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- You can use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Also, avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick
- In fact, put distance between yourself and other people if COVID-19 is spreading in your community. This is especially important for people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
Steps 3: protect others By:
- Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care.
- Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze or use the inside of your elbow.
- Throw used tissues in the trash.
- Immediately wash your hands with soap and water. If soap and water are not readily available, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Wear a facemask if you are sick
- If you are sick: You should wear a facemask when you are around other people (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle) and before you enter a healthcare provider’s office.
- In case you are not able to wear a facemask (for example, because it causes trouble breathing), then you should do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes, and people who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room.
- If you are NOT sick: You do not need to wear a facemask unless you are caring for someone who is sick (and they are not able to wear a facemask). Facemasks may be in short supply and they should be saved for caregivers.
Step 4: Clean and disinfect
- Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
- If surfaces are dirty, clean them:Use detergent or soap and water prior to disinfection.
List of countries affected by coronavirus/ coronavirus outbreak
So far, as of 15 March, more than 168,000 people have been infected in more than 148 countries, according to the Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering
There have been over 7,128 deaths globally. Just over 3,000 of those deaths have occurred in Mainland China. More than 73,000 people have recovered from the coronavirus (3).
The WHO decided to not yet declare this outbreak of coronarivus a global healthcare emergency, but the supranational body has increased its assessment of the global risk from moderate to high.
However, more countries are being affected by a coronavirus.
The top countries affected by coronavirus:
- China :81077cases
- Italy :24747cases
- Iran (Islamic Republic of) :14991cases
- Republic of Korea :8236cases
- Spain :7753cases
- France :5380cases
- Germany :4838cases
- Switzerland :2200cases
- United States of America :1678cases
- Netherlands :1413cases
- The United Kingdom :1395cases
- Norway :1169cases
- Belgium :1085cases
- Sweden :992cases
- Austria :959cases
- Denmark :898cases
- Japan :814cases
- International conveyance (Diamond Princess) :712cases
- Malaysia :553cases
- Qatar :401cases
- Australia :336cases
- Greece :331cases
- Canada :304cases
- Czechia :298cases
- Finland :272cases
- Israel :250cases
- Portugal :245cases
- Singapore :243cases
- Bahrain :221cases
- Slovenia :219cases
- Estonia :205cases
- Brazil :200cases
- Ireland :169cases
- Romania :158cases
- Poland :150cases
- Thailand :147cases
- Philippines :140cases
- Iceland :138cases
- Indonesia :134cases
- Egypt :126cases
- Iraq :124cases
- India :114cases
- Kuwait :112cases
- Saudi Arabia :103cases
- Lebanon :99cases
- United Arab Emirates :98cases
- San Marino :92cases
- Chile :75cases
- Peru :71cases
- Russian Federation :63cases
- Slovakia :61cases
- Viet Nam :57cases
- Argentina :56cases
- Mexico :53cases
- Pakistan :52cases
- Bulgaria :51cases
- South Africa :51cases
- Brunei Darussalam :50cases
- Algeria :49cases
- Croatia :49cases
- Serbia :46cases
- Panama :43cases
- Albania :42cases
- occupied Palestinian territory :39cases
- Luxembourg :38cases
- Ecuador :37cases
- Belarus :36cases
- Latvia :34cases
- Cyprus :33cases
- Georgia :33cases
- Hungary :32cases
- Morocco :28cases
- Armenia :26cases
- Senegal :26cases
- Colombia :24cases
- Costa Rica :23cases
- Republic of Moldova :23cases
- Oman :22cases
- Malta :21cases
- Azerbaijan :19cases
- Sri Lanka :19cases
- Bosnia and Herzegovina :18cases
- Tunisia :18cases
- Afghanistan :16cases
- Martinique :15cases
- Maldives :13cases
- North Macedonia :13cases
- Cambodia :12cases
- Bolivia (Plurinational State of) :11cases
- Faroe Islands :11cases
- Jamaica :10cases
- Lithuania :9cases
- Monaco :9cases
- Réunion :9cases
- Paraguay :8cases
- French Guiana :7cases
- Liechtenstein :7cases
- Guadeloupe :6cases
- Jordan :6cases
- Kazakhstan :6cases
- New Zealand :6cases
- Bangladesh :5cases
- Cameroon :5cases
- Dominican Republic :5cases
- Rwanda :5cases
- Turkey :5cases
- Cuba :4cases
- Guyana :4cases
- Seychelles :4cases
- Uruguay :4cases
- Uzbekistan :4cases
- Burkina Faso :3cases
- Cote d Ivoire :3cases
- French Polynesia :3cases
- Kenya :3cases
- Puerto Rico :3cases
- Saint Barthelemy :3cases
- Ukraine :3cases
- Andorra :2cases
- Curacao :2cases
- Democratic Republic of the Congo :2cases
- Ghana :2cases
- Honduras :2cases
- Jersey :2cases
- Namibia :2cases
- Nigeria :2cases
- Saint Martin :2cases
- Trinidad and Tobago :2cases
- Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) :2cases
- Antigua and Barbuda :1cases
- Bhutan :1cases
- Cayman Islands :1cases
- Central African Republic :1cases
- Congo :1cases
- Equatorial Guinea :1cases
- Eswatini :1cases
- Ethiopia :1cases
- Gabon :1cases
- Gibraltar :1cases
- Guernsey :1cases
- Guinea :1cases
- Holy See :1cases
- Mauritania :1cases
- Mayotte :1cases
- Mongolia :1cases
- Nepal :1cases
- Saint Vincent and the Grenadines :1cases
- Sudan :1cases
- Togo :1cases
Top Sources of Informations
- Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) situation reports – World Health Organization (WHO)
- 2019 Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in the U.S. -. U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- Outbreak Notification – National Health Commission (NHC) of the People’s Republic of China
- Novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) – Australian Government Department of Health
- Novel coronavirus 2019-nCoV: early estimation of epidemiological parameters and epidemic prediction – Jonathan M. Read et al, Jan. 23,2020.
- Early Transmissibility Assessment of a Novel Coronavirus in Wuhan, China – Maimuna Majumder and Kenneth D. Mandl, Harvard University – Computational Health Informatics Program – Posted: 24 Jan 2020 Last revised: 27 Jan 2020
- Report 3: Transmissibility of 2019-nCoV – 25 January 2020 – Imperial College London
- Case fatality risk of influenza A(H1N1pdm09): a systematic review – Epidemiology. Nov. 24, 2013
- A novel coronavirus outbreak of global health concern – Chen Want et al. The Lancet. January 24, 2020
- Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus (2019-nCoV) – CDC
- China’s National Health Commission news conference on coronavirus – Al Jazeera. January 26, 2020
- Wuhan lockdown ‘unprecedented’, shows commitment to contain virus: WHO representative in China – Reuters. January 23, 2020
- Statement on the meeting of the International Health Regulations (2005) Emergency Committee regarding the outbreak of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) – WHO, January 23, 2020
- International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on novel coronavirus in China – WHO, January 30, 2020
- Human-to-human transmission of Wuhan virus outside of China, confirmed in Germany, Japan and Vietnam – The Online Citizen, Jan. 29, 2020
- Who: “Live from Geneva on the new #coronavirus outbreak”
- CDC Confirms Person-to-Person Spread of New Coronavirus in the United States – CDC Press Release, Jan. 30, 2020
- CMO confirms cases of coronavirus in England – CMO, UK, Jan. 31, 2020
- Coronavirus in France: what you need to know – The Local France, Jan. 31, 2020
- First two persons infected with coronavirus identified in Russia – Tass, Jan. 31, 2020
- Updated understanding of the outbreak of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019nCoV) in Wuhan, China – Journal of Medical Virology, Jan. 29, 2020
- Estimating the effective reproduction number of the 2019-nCoV in China – Zhidong Cao et al., Jan. 29, 2020
- Preliminary estimation of the basic reproduction number of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) in China, from 2019 to 2020: A data-driven analysis in the early phase of the outbreak – Jan. 30, 2020
- Coronavirus: Window of opportunity to act, World Health Organization says – BBC, Feb,\. 4, 2020
- Clinical Characteristics of 138 Hospitalized Patients With 2019 Novel Coronavirus–Infected Pneumonia in Wuhan, China – Wang et. al, JAMA, Feb. 7, 2020