Top 15 Side Effects of Plastic Surgery


Every good thing has it disadvantages, it is true that surgery is scary be it plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery there some side effects of plastic surgery that you need to know.

Surgery has benefits as it helps to enhance our physical appearance despite is goodness, but you need to know that it has wide array of risks.

Actually, most people think of the perfectly smoothed, flawless result of plastic surgery while overlooking the risks.


Studies show that millions of cosmetic and plastic procedures are performed each year, and most of them are successful.

However, this does not mean you overlook the dangers of invasive procedures.

Therefore, this article addresses the possible dangers of plastic surgery.

Dangers of plastic surgery

  1. Surgery may also lead to organ damage

It is true that most surgical procedures are always successful; however, surgery may lead to damage of some organs, which may be fatal.

For instance, liposuction can be traumatic for the internal organs.

More so, visceral perforations or punctures can occur when the surgical probe comes into contact with internal organs.

End organ damage is usually common during surgery. Plastic surgery may lead to damage taking place in major organs, especially the heart, kidneys, brain,  and eyes among other arteries and veins.

The damage of organs may leads to additional unexpected surgery

  1. plastic surgery can lead to Hematoma

This is one of the common side effects of plastic surgery. It may occur in 1 percent of breast augmentation procedures.

A hematoma forms as your blood clots, resulting in swelling and pain and it may occur after or during your surgery.

It is the formation of a pocket of blood that resembles a large, painful bruise in the breast.

Actually, a hematoma is the result of a traumatic injury to your skin or the tissues underneath your skin and during plastic surgery, most of your tissues are either damaged or injured.

When blood vessels under your skin are  leak or damaged during plastic surgery, the blood pools and results in a bruise.

Hematoma also may occur after a facelift.

Research shows that hematoma occurs more commonly in males than in females.

This kind of complication does not choose when to occur as it may develop after any surgery.

How to treat hematoma

The treatment of these dangerous effects of surgery includes further operations to drain the blood on the affected part.It extra operation can be done, especially, if the collection of blood is large or expands faster.

  1. Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism

Another side effects of surgery are the deep vein thrombosis (DVT).

This is a condition where blood clots form in deep veins. This causes severe pain and may lead to other health complications.

Studies show that when these blood clots formed in the deep veins break off, it may be transported to the lungs, which may cause a fatal complication called pulmonary embolism (PE) in the lung.

However, these complications are not as common as other. Studies suggest that deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism affecting only 0.09 percent of all patients undergoing plastic surgery(3).

It is important to know that the dangers of clots is relatively higher for people having multiple procedures.

Therefore, visit your surgeon regularly for medical checkups in case you have multiple surgical procedures.

side effects of plastic surgery

  1. Surgery may lead seroma

Surgery may result in the risk of formation of excess sterile body fluid on the surface of the skin, also known as seroma.

A seroma is a collection of fluid that builds up under the surface of your skin.

The excessive accumulation of serum results in severe pain. It mainly occurs after surgery most often at the area of the surgical incision or where the tissue was removed or replaced.

Studies show that the seroma may lead to a tummy tuck in 15 to 30 percent of patients that undergoes in surgery(4).

It is important to seek medical advise before going for plastic surgery.

How to treat seroma

Surgeons eradicate this complication by draining the fluid with a needle. However, there’s a chance of recurrence as cited in studies.

  1. Surgery may cause blood loss

Blood loss is also a common side effects of surgery be it plastic or cosmetic surgery. Some people also has low immune system that may result in difficulty in blood clotting or bleeding stopping.

This blood loss can lead to a drop in blood pressure, which may result to sudden death.

It is good to know that blood loss can occur internally after surgery and not only during the operation.

Therefore, it is important to regularly visit your doctor for further medical checkups after your surgery.

  1. Surgery can expose you to infection

For instance, a study shows that infections occur in 1.1 to 2.5 percent of people who undergo breast augmentation and other surgeries, despite the postoperative care includes steps to reduce the risk of infection.

Actually, the skin infection cellulitis may occur after any surgery.

Some of this infections may lead to the ministering of intravenous (IV) antibiotics.

It is vital to follow postoperative care ordered by your doctor.

  1. Surgery may lead to nerve damage

Numbness and tingling are common after plastic surgery and cosmetic surgery, which are common signs of nerve damage.

Truly, the potential for nerve damage are common dangers of almost all types of surgical procedures.

According to research, a good number of women experience a change in sensitivity in nipple sensation after breast augmentation surgery (5).

This is due to nerve damage, which may be temporary or permanent

  1. Postoperative outcomes dissatisfaction

According to studies, most people are satisfied with their postoperative outcomes, more so, most women are satisfied with breast augmentation surgery.

However, not everyone is satisfied with the postoperative.

Studies suggest that people who undergo surgery, especially, breast surgery may experience contouring or asymmetry problems.

Another study reveals that those who undergo facial surgeries feel uncomfortable and guilty of the postoperative outcomes.

In short, not everyone feels satisfied with the postoperative outcomes, others experiences general appearance dissatisfaction.

  1. Possible Allergic Reactions

Another common side effects of plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery are allergic reactions.

For instance, the patient may have allergies to materials like certain metals or latex or even medications after surgery.

It is important to know that when post-operational medications cause an allergic reaction, then you could be confined to your bed for weeks.

The allergic reaction is common in most surgeries, therefore, it important to have no-how on how to combat allergy.

  1. Surgery guilt and scarring

The fear of unknown is common side effect of surgery.

For instance, cosmetic surgery seeks to improve your physical appearance.

The enhancement can be troubling, especially if you meet your friends and community.

A good example is the hypertrophic scarring, which is an abnormally red and thick raised scar that occurs in 1.0 to 3.7 percent of tummy tucks patients.

Surgery quilt can make you not to undergo any surgery.

  1. Complications of anesthesia

Actually, anesthesia is a procedure used in medication to make a patient unconscious to allow patients to undergo surgery without feeling the procedure.

However, general anesthesia can sometimes lead to complications.

For instance, general anesthesia can lead to lung infections, stroke, heart attacks, and even death.

Furthermore, anesthesia awareness, or waking up in the middle of surgery may also occur, which can lead to further danger. However, it is very rare.

In addition, general anesthesia can lead to shivering, nausea, and vomiting. It can also result in waking up confused and disoriented.

  1. Huge Financial Costs

Plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery is not a cheap thrill by any means.

In fact, many people who undergo surgical procedures spend thousands of dollars.

For instance, Ronnie Coleman spent over 3 million dollars on surgical medications. He reports that every surgery has cost him over $300,000 and the last three surgeries cost almost $2 million.

Furthermore, Flex Wheeler leg surgery amputation cost $150,000 plus, which left him with medical bills.

Therefore, you need to be ready for that cost. Remember, you can go for additional surgeries rolling to more medical bills, despite the already paid surgery.

  1. Surgery is time-consuming

Actually, surgery may need extra time for recovery and several visits to your surgeon or doctor.

For instance, small procedures may take a few days to heal while other more detailed procedures may take weeks for the body to fully recover.

The patient will also need to take time from work in order to make a full recovery.  This is (normally) all time that is taken off from a full-time job is wasted.

So, you must be aware of the consequences of undergoing surgery.

  1. Booking an appointment can be difficult

Finding the best doctor and booking an appointment can be challenging due to geographical divergence.

Furthermore, finding the best surgeon may be a challenge as they are not readily available in most countries.

Studies show that most people books appointments outside their home country or town. More so, booking an appointment in Bangkok, India and other developed countries.

know the Top 10 Best Plastic Surgery Hospital in Kenya

  1. Lack of medical card, and passport

Surgery is very costly as it requires more fund. Without health insurance coverage you may miss your surgery.

Also, staying in a foreign country requires a passport or visa.


However, the time allocated for your stay may exceed due to complications. This can be challenging in fixing you further stay.

Therefore, you need to keenly check your stay duration while booking an appointment for any surgical procedure in foreign country.


A word from Tannos Online

Every coin has two sides, therefore, plastic surgery or cosmetic surgery  is very beneficial despite the complications discussed above.

In fact, complications of surgeries are minimal as cited in study. 

However, plastic surgery complications are more common in certain people such as overweight and obese, alcohol addicts and smokers, and  elderly people.

Note that you can reduce this risk by vetting your doctor and their credentials. Furthermore, you should investigate the facility where your surgery will take place.

In short, surgery has side effects such as seroma, hematoma, damage of nerves and organs among others.

About Victor Tannos

Vick is a researcher, freelancer, content writer, and lifelong learner with an ongoing curiosity to learn new things. Vick uses that curiosity, combined with his experience as a freelance to write about valuable topics on health, fitness, and lifestyle.

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